Basic Japanese - English Dictionary

This is a simple Japanese - English Dictionary to help you learn Japanese. It is aimed predominantly at the JLPT Level 5 learner. We are adding in the Kana for words gradually.

To search for a word on this page simply use Ctrl+F in your browser. You can search for the Romaji, English or Kana where available in this way.

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Key
Romaji - Kana - English: the word is given in Roman letters, then in the Kana form, followed by the translation. Each is separated by a hyphen. If Kanji is available it is given after the Kana spelling and a forward slash ( / ).
(o) : is given before a word if it has an o form, such as (o) sake.
: is used to separate different meanings of a word.
links: some entries have links as an additional reference, or if they're game related then to our host site (^-^)/.

Jump to a letter: A / あ / ア B C D E / え / エ F J H I / い / イ J K M N O / お / オ P R S T U / う / ウ V W Y Z

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A
abunai desu - dangerous
achira - that person over there
ai (suru) - love (to love)
aida - amoung / between / interval / space
aimasu - to see or meet someone
ai-poddo - i-pod
Airurando-jin - an Irish person
aisatsu - あいさつ - greetings
aisu (kouhii) - ice (coffee)
aisukuriimu - ice cream
aka - あか - red
akarui - bright
akemasu - あけます - open
amai - sweet
amari - so / very / not very
ame - rain
Amerika - アメリカ - America
Amerika-doru - American Dollar
Amerika-jin - アメリカジン / アメリカ人 - an American person
anata - you
ane - elder sister
ani - elder brother
anke-to - questionnaire
ano - that person/thing over there
ano kata - あのかた - that person over there
anou - ummm
anshou-bangou - code number
anzen (na) - safety (safe)
ao - あお - blue
ara - oh (used by women)
arau - to wash
arawasu - to express / to stand
are - that over there
arimasen ka - ありませんか - don't you have
arimasu - あります - there is / are / have
aruite - on foot (lit. walking)
(~o) aruku - to walk (through) asa - morning
asa gohan - breakfast
asatte - day after tomorrow
ashita - tomorrow
asobimasu - play / have fun
asoko - over there
atama - head
atari - あたり - hit the target
(~ga) atatameru - to warm / heat something up (to become warm /heated)
atsui - hot / thick
atsumarimasu - to gather
azukemasu - to deposit / put in money
Abc...

B
baiku - motorcycle
baiten - stall / stand
baketsu - バケツ - bucket
ban - evening / night
bangohan - supper
bangumi - program / show
basho - place / location
basu - バス - bus
basuketto - basketball
basu-matto - bath mat
basu-taoru - bath towel
basu-tei - bus stop
beddo - bed
benchi - bench
(o) benkyou (suru) - study (to study)
benkyou-shimasu - study
benri - useful / convenient
bideo - video
bideo-kamera - video camera
biifu - beef
biifusuteuki - beef steak
biiru - beer
bi-toruzu - ビートルズ - Beatles
bijutsu - art
biniiru-bukuro - polyethylene bag
biru - building
budou - grape(s)
byouin - hospital
Abc...

C
chichi - (my) father
chikatetsu - subway
chotto - a little / well...
chuugakusei - junior high school student
(go) chuui - caution / being careful
(~ni) chuui (suru) - to be careful / pay attention
chuukyuu - intermediate
chuusha (suru) - parking (to park)
Abc...

D
daigaku - college / university
daigakusei - college / university student
daimeishi - pronoun
dame - だめ - no good / unacceptable
dare - who
de - in all
dekiagari - completion; "it's done"
dekiagaru - completing something
(~ga) dekiru - to be able / to be completed
denki - electricity
desu - です - is
donata - どなた - who
dou - how about
doushi - verb
doushite - why
doyoubi - Saturday
Abc...

E
e - え - picture / drawing / painting
erabu - to choose
Abc...

F
fukisoku doushi - irregular verb
fukushi - adverb
fukuzatsu - complex / intricate
furaipan - frying pan
(o) furo - bath
(~ga) furu - to fall (to rain / to snow / etc.)
Abc...

G
~gata - respectful plural address for people
ge-mu - game
gimonshi - question word
godan doushi - 5-step verb
gogo - afternoon
gomi - ごみ - rubbish / trash / garbage
gozenchuu - in the morning
Gunma - ぐんま - A prefecture in the center of Japan
Abc...

H
hai - はい - yes
(~ni) hairimasu - to enter (to take a bath)
hako - box
han - group
hana - はな / 花 - flower
haraimasu - to pay
hashirimasu - to run
hayaku - early
(o) henji (suru) - reply / respond (to reply / respond)
heiya - へいや - plain
heya - へや - room
hiku - to play (a stringed instrument)
hima - free time
hiroi desu - spacious
hitsuyou - necessary
hodo - extent / x is (not) as adjective as y
hojoshi - helping word
hoka - other
hoken - hygiene / health
hora - look / see / there
hyougen - phrase
Abc...

I
ichidan doushi - 1-step verb
ichinichi juu - throughout the day
ii (desu) - good
ike - いけ - pond
i keiyoushi - i-adjective
ikimasu - to go
iku - go
ikura - how much
imouto - (my) younger sister
inkan - いんかん - personal seal
  insatsu (suru) - print (to print)
Igirisu - イギリス - Britain / United Kingdom
irimasu - to need
isha - doctor
isogashii (desu) - busy
isogu - to hurry
issho - together
isshoni - together
isu - いす - chair / stool
itai - (something) hurts
itsumo - always
Abc...

J
jagaimo - potato
jiban de - by oneself
(go) jibun - oneself
jin - じん / 人 - person
  jisho - dictionary
joshi - particle
josuushi - counter
~jou - place / site / area
joukyuu - advanced
joushi - boss / supervisor
junbi - preperations
Abc...

K
ka - か - mosquito
kaerimasu - to return
kaeru - return
kai - かい - shellfish
~kai - meeting
kaijou - meeting place / venue
kaimasu - to buy
kaji - fire / conflagration
kakimasu - to write / to draw
kakko - かっこ - parenthesis
kako - かこ - past
kana - wonder
kanaa - I wonder
kankou (suru) - sightseeing (to go sightseeing)
kantan (~na) - easy / simple
kantoushi - interjection
kao - かお - face
kara - から - from
kasa - かさ - umbrella
kashikomarimashita - (I / we) understand (formal)
katazukeru - to tidy / to clean
kau - buy
kazu - number
kekkon - marriage / wedding
kekkonshimasu - to get married
(go) kenkou - health
kesu - to erase
ki - き - tree
kiku - きく - chrysanthemum
(~ga) kimaru - to be determined / to be decided
kimashita - きました - came
kinshi (shimasu) - prohibition (to prohibit)
kinou - yesturday
(~ga) ki o tsukareru - to be careful / to take care (of)
kirei (~na) - beautiful
kissaten - cafe
kitto - surely
kochira - こちら - this (person) (a respectful term)
koi - こい - carp
koko - ここ - here
kokuhaku (suru) - confession (to confess)
(~ga) komu - to be crowded
konban - tonight / this evening
kopyura - copula
kore - これ - this
korede - with this / thus
koto - abstract thing
koucha - black tea
kouchou - principle of a school
koukou - high school
koukousei - high school student(s)
kuma - くま / 熊 - bear
  (o) kuruma - car
kusuri - medicine
kyou - today
kyoutou - Vice-Principle
Abc...

M
machi - まち - town
made - until / to
madeni - by
mame - bean(s)
mame maki - bean scattering
maiasa - every morning
mainichi - everyday
matchi - マッチ - match
  (~o) mayou - to hesitate / waver
mazu - first of all
~me - "-th", as in tenth, twelth and so on
meishi - noun
meishi - めいし / 名刺 - business card(s)
  mimasu - to see / watch
minna - everyone / all
(o) mise - shop
misemasu - to show
(o) miyage - souvenir
(~ni) modoru - to return (to~)
mokuyoubi - Thursday
mondai - problem / question
mono - concrete thing
motsu - to have / to hold
motto - more
mou - already
mou sugu - soon
(~ni) mukau - to go against
mukou - over there
Abc...



N
nagara - while
nai - (there) isn't / (I) don't (have)
nakanaka (~nai) - (not) easily
na keiyoushi - na-adjective
namae - なまえ / 名前 - name
nan - なん - what
nanda - なんだ - oh (is that all)
naru - to become
(~ga) naru - to ring / sound
naruhodo - indeed / I see
negau - to wish (for)
~nensei - ~year/grade student
(o) netsu - temperature / fever
nigiyaka - busy / lively
Nihon-go de - にほんごで - in Japanese
ninki - popularity
nioi - smell / scent
Abc...

O
obasan - おばさん - aunt
oiharau - to drive off
oishii (desu) - delicious
oisha-san - doctor
ojiisan - おじいさん - grandfather
ojigi - おじぎ - bowing
ojisan - おじさん - uncle
okurimasu - to send
omoshiroi (desu) - interesting
omuraisu - an omelette and rice
ongaku - music
oni - おに / 鬼 - demon / ogre / devil / troll
onna no ko - girl
ookina - big
(~o) oriru - to get off ~
oshieru - to teach
osoi desu - late / slow
oto - おと - sound
otoko no ko - boy
otto - おっと - husband
owari - end
owarimasu - to finish
Abc...

P
pan - パン - bread
pasokon - パソコン - personal computer
Abc...

R
raishuu - next week
(o) rei - gratitude / thanks
renraku - contact
renshuu (shimasu)- practice (to practice)
rentaishi - demonstrative
ringo - apple
rouka - hallway
ryokou - travel / trip
Abc...

S
saisho - first
sakini - beforehand / ahead of
-san - ~さん - Mr / Mrs / Miss
sanka - participate
saraishuu - the week after next week
sassoku - right away
sasu - to open (an umbrella)
sekai - せかい - world
senario - シナリオ - scenario
senshu - player / athlete
setsubiji - suffix
setsubun - せつぶん / 節分 - the day before spring
setsuzokushi- conjunction
settoushi - prefix
shabushabu - a type of hot pot dish
shashin - photograph
shiai - game / match
shigoto - job / work
(o) shinamono - item or items / goods / merchandise
shio - salt
shita - at the bottom of
shiti- marason - city marathon
(go) shoukai - introduction
shoukaisuru - to introduce
shourai - one's future
shukudai - homework
(go) shuppatsu - departure
(~o) shuppatsu (suru) - to depart (from)
(go) shusseki - attendance
(~ni) shusseki (suru) - attendance (to attend)
soko - そこ - there / that place
soreni - furthermore
sorosoro - quietly / soon / gradually
soto - そと - outside
sou sou - right, right
(go) soudan - advice / consultation / talk
soudan (suru) - to consult / to talk with
(~o) suberu - to slide (down / along) ~
sugu - soon / immediately
suguni - soon
suimasu - to inhale or suck in / to smoke
(~ni) sumu - to live (in / at)
sutemasu - to throw away
suzushii - cool (temperature)
Abc...

T
(o) tabako - tobacco / cigarette(s)
taihen - terrible / very (more formal than "とても")
taiko - たいこ - drum
taisetsu (na)- important
taishikan - embassy
tanoshimi - pleasure / fun
tannin - homeroom teacher
tarimasu (~ga) - to be sufficient/enough
tasukeru - to help / save
(~ga) tatsu - to stand
te - て - hand / arm
to - と - door
toki - time
tomago - egg
tomemasu - to stop someone or something
toru - とる - take
totsuzen - suddenly
tsugi - next
(go) tsugo - (some one's) convenience
tsukaimasu - to use
(~ga) tsukareru - to get tired
tsukemasu - to attach
tsukue - つくえ - desk
Abc...

U
uchi - うち - house / home
ukeru - to accept / recieve
un - yeah / yes
undou (suru) - sports / exercise (to do sports, to exercise)
unten (shimasu) - うんてん - drive (to drive)
utaimasu - to sing
uun - uh-uh (no)
Abc...

V
Abc...

W
warau - to laugh / to smile
watashi - me / I
(~ni ~o) watasu - to hand / give (something to someone)
Abc...

Y
yakisoba - pan-fried noodles
yaku - role
yakyuu - baseball
(o) yama - やま / 山 - mountain
yaru - to do
yasashii desu - easy, gentle / kind
yasui - cheap
yoku - often / very much
yomimasu - to read
yori - more/less ~ than / compared to
yorokobu - to be happy
yoru - night
yoshi - all right / good
yotei - schedule
youbi - day
yousu - situation / appearance / condition
yowai - weak
(go) yoyaku - reservation
yoyaku (suru) - to make a reservation
yuki - ゆき - snow
yukkuri - slowly
yuushou (suru) - victory / championship (to win)
Abc...

Z
zairyou - ingrediants
Abc...


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